Goal A: Improve Our Air and Water Quality
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Goal A: Improve Our Air and Water Quality 

Sun shining through cloudsTo be proactive by partnering with community groups, industry and other levels of governments to improve Windsor's air and water quality.

When asked what the single-most important environmental issue facing Windsor was, over 66 percent of those responding to the Environmental Attitudes Survey answered "air quality".  The second most frequently reported issue was water quality of the City's waterways (i.e. lakes, rivers, streams). 

Air Quality

Throughout the public consultation phase associated with the Environmental Master Plan, air quality was the most frequently discussed environmental challenge facing the City of Windsor.

Poor air quality, or smog, creates both short-term and long-term health issues, leading to increased hospital admissions, more emergency room visits, higher rates of absenteeism, and even premature mortality for the elderly and people with existing respiratory and cardiovascular problems. Children, particularly those with asthma, are also vulnerable. It also damages crops and personal property.

Local industrial pollution, cross-border emissions and emissions from transportation corridors are some of the sources of air pollution in the City.  Transportation-related air quality issues remain paramount in the City: the Windsor-Detroit Gateway is the busiest international trade corridor in North America and is Canada's largest border crossing.  Over 16 million cars and trucks pass through the Windsor-Detroit Gateway every year (Ontario 2005).  However, vehicle travel by residents throughout the City of Windsor is also a significant contributor to the air quality in the City of Windsor.

Air Quality Indicators:

Water Quality

Detroit River Ojibway ShoresThe second most-frequently reported issue was the quality of the City's waterways (i.e. lakes, rivers, streams).  Some felt that they "can't take kids to the beach, therefore the City needs stronger enforcement regulations to clean up waterways".  However, many other respondents felt that the water quality of the Great Lakes has improved over time. 

A recent report by Environment and Climate Change Canada states that some of the water quality problems in the Great Lakes have improved, but that the issue of toxic chemicals "overshadow all other problems in the Great Lakes". 

Local water-related issues in Windsor include the City's combined sewer system, sanitary sewer overflow, beach closures and frequent basement flooding.  Other water issues in the community include the proliferation of litter in storm drains and the dumping of oil, gasoline and other substance onto roadways (and eventually into drains).  The City has made major strides over the past three decades in improving water quality by reducing sewage discharge into the Detroit River.

The Detroit River

The Detroit River is approximately 51 kilometres long and lies in the heart of the Great Lakes Basin.  It is the major link connecting the upper and lower Great Lakes (Lake St. Clair to Lake Erie) conveying ninety percent of the water in the Great Lakes Basin.

The Detroit River watershed drains more than 2000 km2 including its tributaries of Turkey Creek, Little River and Canard River.

The Detroit River lies completely within the Carolinian zone and contains a greater number of plant and animal species than any other place in Canada.  Remnant tracts of tall grass prairies, oak savannah and globally/provincially significant wetlands help protect the Detroit River watershed.  The watershed serves as a migration route for songbirds, raptors, butterflies, dragonflies and is home to hundreds of rare and endangered species including the eastern fox snake, eastern massasauga rattlesnake, and eastern spiny soft-shelled turtle. 

History of the Detroit River

The Windsor-Detroit area has a fascinating history of settlement, trade, culture and industrialization centred around the Detroit River.  Archaeological finds date North American Indians at the river as early as 400 A.D. with Europeans not arriving until around 1650.  The Detroit River has been a strategic location for defense during the war of 1812; an integral part of the Underground Railway; and in the early 1900s was notorious for rum running during the United States prohibition era.

The Detroit River received designation as a Heritage River by the United States of America in 1998 and then by Canada in 2001 and is the first river to receive both designations.

The importance of the River is highlighted in the words that accompany the City of Windsor coat of arms: "The river and land sustain us".

Additional Detroit River information can be found at:

Detroit River Indicators:

Waste Water Treatment

The City of Windsor operates two waste water treatment facilities.

The majority of the residents in the City of Windsor are serviced by either sanitary and storm sewers or by combined sewers.

Storm sewers are designed to carry stormwater only.  This stormwater eventually discharges into the Detroit River untreated.  The City of Windsor maintains approximately 758 km (471 miles) of storm sewers.
Sanitary sewers are designed to convey human domestic waste only to one of the waste water treatment facilities.  There are approximately 700 km (435 miles) of sanitary sewers servicing the residents of Windsor.

Combined sewers were constructed throughout the City until the 1950s when the construction of a separated system (sanitary and storm) began. There are still 221 km (137 miles) of combined sewers, which convey both sanitary waste and stormwater to the waste water treatment plant.

Waste Water Indicators:

Drinking Water

The source of drinking water for the residents of the City of Windsor is the Detroit River.  The Windsor Utilities Commission is responsible for treatment and delivery of drinking water to the residents of the City of Windsor.  Their mandate is to deliver an abundance of clean, reliable, and safe water that enhances the quality of life of Windsor's residences and businesses.

The Windsor Utilities Commission website provides in-depth information on their facility as well as reports on water quality. 

Drinking Water Indicators:

For more information on Environmental Initiatives

Phone: For general information, call 311. For detailed inquiries, call 519-253-7111 ext. 3226.
Email: emp@citywindsor.ca